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What are the causes of breast cancer in college and university students?

Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancer and one of the most life-threatening cancer in women including college students, thus the need to know what are the causes of breast cancer. Although researches in breast cancer have improved and grow exponentially, there is still no targeted treatment for this condition. However, there is some improvement in public awareness, screening, surgical resection and curative therapies which help in increasing the chances of the patients as well as preventing the growth of tumour or development of cancer in the patients with a family history of cancer with earlier detection due to development in the technology. Breast cancer originates from breast tissue, usually from the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules via which breast milk is supplied.

What are the causes of breast cancer in college students
What are the causes of breast cancer in college students

What are the causes of breast cancer in women?

  1. It is very important to know that cancer cells are formed from normal cells in a process due to changes/modification/mutation and these processes could occur spontaneously or
  2. may be triggered by factors such as; radiation including microwaves,
  3. X-rays,
  4. Gamma-rays,
  5. Ultraviolet rays and so on.
  6. Also, cancers can be induced by microorganism infection
  7. or attack such as viruses,
  8. bacteria,
  9. fungi
  10. Other causes or contributors to cancer formation include chemicals in our air, water and food and ageing of our DNA and RNA.
  11. Also, cancer can develop if the immune system is not working properly.
  12. A previous history of breast cancer
  13. Significant family history
  14. Genetic causes
  15. Hormonal causes
  16. Lifestyle and dietary cause.
  17. Alteration in hormonal level may trigger breast cancer.
  18. Pregnancy in early age.
  19. Hormonal replacement therapy.
  20. Use of oral pills.
  21. sedentary lifestyle.
  22. high dietary intake of fat especially in postmenopausal women.
  23. alcohol intake.
  24. Environmental cause.

Types of breast cancer.

When a breast cancer is confined to the ducts and does not invade surrounding fatty and connective tissues of the breast it is regarded as non-invasive. However, it is otherwise regarded as invasive.

Sign and symptoms

The major symptom of breast cancer is a lump in the breast or armpit. To check your breast for lumps, please read how to check for lumps.  Doing monthly breast exam by yourself or via trained physician or health worker saves lives and help with early detection and treatment where applicable. Specifically, when examining your breast, you are looking for

  1. swelling or lump (mass) in the breast.
  2. swelling in the armpit (lymph nodes).
  3. nipple discharge (clear or bloody).
  4. pain in the nipple.
  5. inverted (retracted) nipple.
  6. scaly nipple or pitted skin on the nipple.
  7. persistent tenderness of the breast.
  8. breast pain or discomfort.
  9. bone pain in later stages (bone metastases),
  10. shortness of breath in later stages (lung metastases).
  11. drop in appetite in later stages (liver metastases).
  12. Weight loss in later stages (liver metastases)
  13. headaches, pain or weakness in later stages.
  14. If any of these symptoms is suspected, please book an appointment with your physicians.

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